Knowledge, Atitude, Practice and Associated Factors Towards Newborn Resuscitation among Graduating Health Science Students of Health Science Colleges in Hadiya Zone Southern Ethiopia, 2023

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Neonatal resuscitation is a set of actions taken at the time of birth to help in the reestablishment of breathing and circulation. In the first four weeks of life, more than 2.4 million newborn babies die globally, of which newborn asphyxia is the main cause of their deaths. Poor knowledge and skill neonatal resuscitation by practitioners has a visible negative effect on neonates like bronchopulmonary dysplasia, neurodevelopmental delay and pneumothorax. But there is no evidence about health science students' competence in neonatal resuscitation. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors toward neonatal resuscitation among graduating students of health science college in Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2023. Method: An Institution based cross-sectional design was used to conduct the study among 213 graduating health science students from February 27 to March 27, 2023. A simple random sampling technique was used and data was collected using self-administered structured questionnaire. Data entry and analysis were done with Epi-data 3.1 and SPSS 27. Frequency and percentages were expressed in texts, tables and charts whereas logistic regression was conducted to check the association of dependent variables with factors and variables. A p-value < 0.05 in the regression model was considered significant. Result: The respondents neonatal resuscitation knowledge was 58.2%, and their attitude and practice were 53.1% and 55.9% respectively. Simulation based demonstration teaching was a single factor which has significant effect on the good knowledge and practice of the students in common with [AOR: 0.377, 95%CI: (0.19-0.73)] and [AOR: 0.28, 95%CI: (0.145-0.53)], respectively and educational level on knowledge [AOR: 3.49, 95%CI: (1.24-9.7)] and on the attitude of students towards neonatal resuscitation. Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude and practice of graduating health science students toward newborn resuscitation were poor therefore adequate simulation-based class and demonstration in well-equipped set up was needed to improve the participant’s knowledge, attitude practice toward neonatal resuscitation.



Knowledge, attitude, practice, Neonatal resuscitation