An Assessment of the Major Problems of Women Participation in Educational Leadership in Wolaita Zone, Snnpr

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to identify and investigate the magnitude of the major factors that contributed to the low participation of women in the leadership position of education in Wolaita Zone, SNNPR at the secondary schools, WEOs and ZED levels. In order to attain the objective of the study, descriptive survey method was employed. The study was carried out in four government secondary schools, four WEOS and one ZED. The secondary schools and WEOs were selected by simple random sampling techniques. The respondents were selected by random sampling technique due to their respective homogeneity. The study involved 8 principals, 111 teachers and 15 heads of the WEOs and ZED. Questionnaires, interviews and documents regarding the participation of women at schools, WEOs and ZED in leadership position as club chairmen, class monitors, heads of schools, WEOs and ZED were used to collect information. The data gathered through questionnaires and check list were analyzed using percentages, mean, variance, weighted mean and an independent sample t-test. Based on the analysis the study disclosed that socio-cultural, political-legal, women's self related factors, institutional factors, economic factors and women's managerial skills and related factors were found to be the major factors that hindered women's participation in educational leadership in Wolaita Zone. Accordingly, the improvement of these problems or barriers may make a considerable change in the degree of women participation in educational leadership in the zone. Hence, it is recommended that all the concerned bodies of the WEOs and ZED, the secondary schools, women themselves and the zone administrative council should take measures to improve the participation of women in educational leadership taking in to account that the participation of womenhalf of the population at both Zonal and national level may contribute much more to the development of education and other sectors, too and may reduce the existing (prevailing) magnitude of the problem in women's participation.