Determinants of Demand for Household Health Care: The Case of Ethiopian Public and Private Health Care Facilities

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Addis Ababa University


This paper is intended to identify the factor that determine the medical treatment seeking behavior at the time of illness and the demand for health care services by employing a maximum likelihood estimation techniques. The study also employed both descriptive and empirical analysis. It has shown that individual and household preferences are influenced by demographic, economic and quality variables that determine demand for health care services from different providers in utilizing DHS data of 2005. The results of the two-Iogit model employed in socio-demographic characteristics such as sex of the patients, wealth and marital status of the households, which was sought at time of illness significantly, affect the treatment. While, patient preferences of household providers are influenced by the age of the patients and quality variables. Furthermore wealth and quality are determinant of the demand of health care provider, which implies that patients would prefer private instead of the public faoilities for their illness. It is suggested that improving the number and quality of professional health staff and upgrading the physical and technical capability of the health facility will increase the efficiency for better health care services. This again suggests the need of the interventions of government to design an appropriate policy measures that would facilitate the expansion of health facilities that accompanied with resources to provide quality heath care services at reasonable cost to the majority of the population.