Guji-Oromo Lyric Folk Poems in the Changing Social Climate

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The primary purpose of this thesis is to analyze major transformation features of the Guji Oromo folk poetry (weedduu, qeexala and geerarsa) i.e. investigating how the folk poems respond to the various social factors which have left their imprints in one way or another. The contextual study approach is employed to undertake the investigation. This approach focuses on looking at the folk poems through the glass of the dynamic socio-cultural and historical realities which are the fertile grounds for the mushrooming of the folk poems. Through it the researcher attempted to explore the change and continuity in the main .. concerns and the performance contexts of the oral poems. To this end, intensive collection of the poems together with their contextual explanations has been undertaken through field work. Intensive recordings of the poems, informal interview and focus group discussions were used as the main tools to collect the data from the Guji informants in Abbayyaa woreda. The data was transcribed, translated into English and finally analyzed qualitatively. The descriptive analysis of the folk poems: weedduu, qeexala and geerarsa, is presented in the third chapter and the major transformation features of these genres are presented in the fourth chapter. The thesis provides the thematic variations observed in the folk poems across the history of the Guji, the change and continuities in the context of their performance and the main inducing social factors for the changes. The field work coupled with the library research has helped the researcher to arrive at some conclusions regarding the three genres. The lyric folk poems of the Guji, particularly, the geerarsa, qeexala and weedduu have undergone a ', . significant transformation in content and context of performance. The three genres portray the life experiences of the society at different points in time. The investigation indicates that some of the major factors which have led to such transformation include the conquest of the Guji by forces of Mer.elik coupled with the declining of the gadaa system, the introduction and spread of Christianity, and the forces of modernity which is championed by the youth



Changing Social Climate