Factors That Affect Females’ Participation And Performance in Second Cycle Primary Schools: the Case of Sidama Zone Loka Abaya Woreda (Snnpr)

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Addis Ababa University


The main purpose of the study was to investigate the factors affecting females’ participation and performance in second cycle primary schools in Loka Abaya woreda. To achieve this objective different basic research questions were raised. The study employed concurrent mixed methods design with both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The researcher used cluster sampling technique, random sampling, and purposive sampling techniques to select sample schools and participants. Student respondents were selected based on stratified sampling considering their sex, grade level and their parental SES. Teacher respondents were also selected from each department by using random sampling technique and parents were chosen by using availability sampling technique. To triangulate the data primary and secondary source of data were used. The primary data sources comprised students, teachers, principals, parents, woredas and zone educational expertise. As secondary sources of data statistical and factual information of the woreda education department and 2005E.C first and second semester female students’ examination results were analyzed. Depending on the research questions and the nature of the respondents, a variety of data gathering tools including questionnaire, interview and observation were used. Percentage was predominantly used to indicate the extent of respondents’ opinion towards the issue raised. As finding of the study indicated, the second cycle primary schools repetition of female student is a serious problem throughout the woreda. The study also revealed that low level of parental education, low level of parental involvement in their daughters’ education and house hold chores negatively affect females’ participation and performance. School related factors like school facility, lack of role model female teachers, teachers attitude also negatively affected females’ participation and performance. Thus based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that educational officials at various levels should promote and enhance awareness creation programs on gender issue in education to parents and other community members. Teachers, parents and school principals should work jointly with female students to improve females’ education. Moreover the local government and the community should work jointly to support females’ education by facilitating the school with necessary inputs for females by updating teachers with gender issue in education. The schools themselves should create conducive environment to empower females by assigning a team leader and members in different school curricular activities. Female teachers should play a part in this regard



Participation ;Performance