Enhancing Knowledge Sharing With in Nbi Determinants and Solutions

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Addis Ababa University


Knowledge sharing has been identified as the key enabler of knowledge management. To leverage knowledge resources and to support knowledge sharing, organizations are employing knowledge management systems. While knowledge management systems are important, practical implementations have found that technology alone cannot guarantee that knowledge will be shared. The objective of this research study was to examine the determinant factors that promote or discourage knowledge sharing behaviors of individuals with in NBI context and propose a technical and non- technical solutions. Drawing from multiple streams of research including social psychology, organizational learning, knowledge management, information systems and so forth, this research developed an integrated theoretical model and unveiled three sets of critical factors: psychological, organizational and technological that are believed to affect the knowledge sharing behaviors. The posited theoretical model was validated using a field survey of individuals from NBI, the case study area of this research study. The results of the study provide empirical support for the overall structure theorized in the research model. 9 of the 11 hypothesized relationships were supported. Knowledge sharing behavior was predicted by individual’s intention towards knowledge sharing and perceived behavioral control. Knowledge sharing intention in turn was predicted by knowledge workers attitude towards knowledge sharing, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control. The strength of Social network and trust exerted positive effect towards favorable attitude towards knowledge sharing and subjective norms towards knowledge sharing. Perceived organizational incentives and benefits exerted a positive effect towards favorable attitude towards knowledge sharing. The perceptions of loss of knowledge power exerted a negative effect on the attitude. Organizational climate positively influenced knowledge workers subjective norm. Additionally, facilitating tools and technology was positively associated with high levels of perceived behavioral control towards knowledge sharing. Based on the findings, the study discussed implications for theory and practice. Overall, the results of the study advance prior research in the area of knowledge sharing by shedding light on the determinants of knowledge sharing behaviors of individuals. In addition to contributing to theory, XI | P a g e the findings of the study also yield insights for practice. These insights could be used by organizations in developing realistic environments that are conducive to knowledge sharing. Furthermore in the final section the study proposed a prototype knowledge portal that can be used as a common tool to minimize the effects of those factors identified during study through providing an easy means for collaboration, Community of practices, access to valuable knowledge, team building, knowledge sharing, to narrow the physical gap between individuals in organization like NBI and so forth.



Knowledge Sharing With in Nbi Determinants