Demographic and Socio-economic Determinants of Primary School Dropouts in Addis Ababa: The Case of Akaki Kality Sub-City

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Addis Ababa University


This study examined the individual and household socioeconomic and demographic Actors that determine the chances of children's dropping out of school before completing grade eight. It is conducted in the Akaki KaliN sub-city, which is one of the peripheral sub-cities of Addis Ababa City Administration. Apart from identifying the main socioeconomic and demographic determinants oj primary school drop out, the study attempts to Jorward detail accounts oj individual and household characteristics related to children's dropout. Along the course oj the investigation structured questionnaire undJocus group discussion has been employed in order to collect the household survey data and other related factors. Besides these the combination of quantitative and qualitative methods has been used to analyze the determinants of children school dropout from primary school. The quantitative data analysis was undertaken by various statistical methods and logistic regressionJor the examination oJthe influence oJthe explanatory variables. Concerning the findings of the study; parental education. age of the child and the household head, place of residence, the presence of younger children in the household shows significant effect on pupil 's dropping out of school. Where as, sex of children and the household head, household size and the presence primary school age children and elderly people in the household demonstrate insignificant effect for primary school dropout. Parallel to the quantitative analysis qualitative data are analysis and discussed separately and produce supportive conclusions. On the basis oJthe results the paper finally suggests possible solution's the reduction of the problem.



Demographic, Socio-economic Determinants