Premarital Sexual Practice and Perception of Sexual and Reproductive Health Risks Associated With It Among in-School Youths In Shoa Robit Town, North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Introduction: More than one billion people in the world are between the ages of 15 and 24, and most live in developing countries. Unsafe sex is a major threat to the health and survival of millions of adolescents. Each year, one in 20 adolescents worldwide contracts an STI including HIV/AIDS. Objectives: to assess premarital sexual practices and perception of sexual and reproductive health risks associated with it among in-school youths of Shoa Robit town, North Shoa Zone, Amhara National Regional state, Ethiopia Method of the study: An Institution based cross-sectional study design including both quantitative and qualitative surveys was used. To determine number of students to be included in the study, a single population proportion formula was used based on the assumption of 19% prevalence (p) in school youth premarital sex by using design effect 1.5 and at 95% confidence interval with marginal error of 4%, and finally the sample size would be 540. Result: Of the calculated sample size, total of 508 respondents completely filled to the questionnaire in the study with response rate of 94.1%. Among a total participants 274(53.9%) were females and 234 (46.1%) were males. Among the study subjects, 224 (44.1%) of them reported that they had premarital sexual intercourse at the time of the survey, of which 106 (47.3%) for males and 118(52.7%) for females. The mean age of sexual intercourse was 17.5± 1.5 years for males and 16.8± 1.4 years for females. Youths who come from urban were more likely experience sex than youths from rural (AOR=3.432; 95%CI=1.971, 5.965). Youths who drink alcohol, smoke cigarette, chew chat and watch pornographic films were more likely experience sex than who did not (AOR= 2.538; 95%CI=( (1.378-4.674), (AOR= 6.715; 95%CI=1.422,31.711), ( AOR= 5.946; 95%CI=0.998, 35.445) and (AOR= 5.119; 95%CI=2.983, 8.784) respectively. Conclusion and recommendation: In general, from this particular study, we can conclude that the level of sexual and reproductive health risk perception towards STI including HIV/AIDS, among in school youths is generally minimal. Consequently, risky sexual practices are widely prevalent. School based information, education and behavioral change communication intervention including life skill training should be given



Premarital Sexual Practice, Perception of Sexual