The Case of Existence in Fəqər eske Mäqabər, Kä’admas Bashagär and Gəracha Qachəloch: From Existentialist Perspective

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Addis Ababa University


The study argues, as its starting point, that all the causes of our social evils rest on the kind of relationship that we established, as a social system, between the individual and the society. The society is so powerful over the individual that, as a result, it robes the latter the sense of responsibility—the more the individual leaves the responsibility to the society the more the nation will be overwhelmed by the social ills. To alleviate this problem the researcher suggests a system in which the individual is allowed to act freely with responsibility. The kind of philosophical outlook that offers such an alternative is Existentialism. Thus selecting, Jean Paul-Sartre’s, among the existentialist outlooks, the study attempts to address the case of existence in three selected novels—Fəqər eske Mäqabər (FM), Kä’admas Bashagär (KB) and Gəracha Qachəloch (GQ). According to the analysis made the researcher has found out that the more the pressure of the society gets intense the more agitated the individual becomes to be free, even that goes to the extent of losing one’s life (like Säblä and Bäzzbəh, in FM). The less, however, the pressure the freer and responsible the individual grows (Abärra of KB and Mäzzgäbu of GQ). It is also observed that the society acts not as an invisible entity but concretizes itself in individuals, which can make the pressure surpassable by the individual. Such examination of characters is possible to be made as the genre of the novel allows its characters to become halt in crystallized still posture; whether the novel is written by a dead or living author. The very moment the reader finishes reading, the novel dies, gets freeze; thus available for a postmortem, ie analysis.



Existence in Fəqər eske