The Situation of Perceived Parent-Child Communicati'on About Sexuality and Its Relationship With Adolescents' Sexual Behavior

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


This study was conducted on 365 high school students in the age range 15-19 (mean age= 16.73) SD= 1.20) to investigate the situation of parentchild sexual communication and its relationship with adolescents) sexual behavior. A 20 item parent-child communication scale was administered to collect data on father-child and mother-child communication separately. To obtain data on adolescents ) sexual behavior) a seven item close-ended questionnaire was employed. Interview was also held with five students to get supplementary information. The data obtained on parent-child communication showed a medium level of communication. There was significant difference observed between mothers and fathers in communicating about sexuality with their children. Mothers were found to communicate more frequently than were fathers. Sex difference was also observed among adolescents. Females reported significantly more frequent communication with their mothers than did boys. Parents) education was positively associated with parent-child sexual communication. Significant negative correlation was found between perceived parent-child communication and sexual behavior of adolescents. Better communication was significantly associated with lower sexual risk behavior. Implications of parent-child sexual communications for adolescents ) healthy sexual behavior are discussed.