Factors Affecting The Internal Efficiency of Primary Schools In Adama City Administration

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


111 the context 0/ on going primary education in Elhiopia, there is a need for internal efficiency improvement in order to reduce '\>vastage and to attain UPE by 20J 5 which is one 0/ the MDG. Previously, there were studies that are conducted on the factors. However, there were still inefficiencies in primary schools of Ethiopia. The major purpose oj this study, thereJore, was to identify the major factors that affect the internal efficiency oj primary schools in ACA. These major Jactors were revealed using the opinions oj three respondent groups drawn from both government and non-government schools. The research method employed was descriptive survey. Data gathering instnlments were questionnaires. In addition, annual efficiency indicator documents were critically assessed. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to reveal the degree of influence oj the factors on IEPS in the study area. As a result, school external factors are Jound common problems Jor both GS and NGS pupils who were at risk oj school dropout and class-repetitions, whereas school internalJactors were not commonly related in affecting the IE oj both GS and NGS pupils. The problems that were severe for GS pupils were not critically severe for NGS pupils. However, the overall weighted mean response values Jor school internal and external Jactors were tested using t-statistic Jor the mean oj dependent variables. The statistical test revealed that both school internal and external Jactors are affecting the IEPS in the study area at almost the same degree of influence. The major school internal Jactors Jound in A CA primary schools are shortage of textbooks, irrelevant curriculum, lack of guidance and counseling services, failure to study hard, and demand Jor repetitions. Whereas major school external/actors such as low-income source and poor education oj parents, influence of unemployed high school graduate siblings, mobility oj Jamilies from one school attendance area to another and the desire oj pupils to involve in business are found as critical problems that affect the 1EPS in this study area. The problems seem complex and multidimensional and it needs complex and multidimensional solutions that satisfy the need and interests oj the users and implementers. School community alone can not control all problems that are related to school internal and external factors, because, it needs resources that are beyond their level. The best solutions, therefore, are working with a team approach with combined efforts of the school community, the society, the business groups, the local government and the regional government that are directly or indirectl) concerned on primary education.