Opportunities and Challenges of Female Children With Polio to Primary Education: the Case of Addis Ababa Association of the Physically Handicapped

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Addis Ababa University


The major purpose of the study was to explore opportunities and challenges of female children with polio with respect to the educational intervention of AAAPH and its stakeholders i.e. association members and their family, ENAPH, Cheshire Service Ethiopia. and four primary schools. The study focused on children well-beillg that is holistically integrating in the physical, social & emotional, and cognitive development. In the study there were a total of 21 participants drawn from each stakeholder. The selection of participants was made using purposive sampling and simple random sampling techniques. Qualitative research Method was used for the study, and data collection was made through difference techniques i.e. semi-structured interview, observation, focus group discussion, and document analysis. Tile study attempts to point out opportunities and challenges of female children with polio in view of the services being conducted by AAAPH and its stakeholders. Accordingly, the enrollment of children with polio in primary schools, classrooms arrangement, rewarding, counseling services by the schools, the existing special needs department and disability club activities in some school ', the provision of mobility aid and medical treatment by stakeholders. advocacy roles by ENAPH and AAAAPH are to be mentioned a the major opportunities. The Major challenges that were sorted out in the study are the absence of assistive technology in schools, lack of affordable and quality mobility devices, the poor economic condition of the parent.s/guardians, inadequate care and support services in the rehabilitation center. Limited family participation in the programs, lack of play grounds and recreational activities both at home and in school, resistance of family to end their children to school, absences of accessible and affordable pre -schools in the neighborhood. Fol/owing the conclusion, pertinent recommendations were drawn such as strengthening partnership, quality and c([fordable mobility services, separate orthopedic treatment for females, awareness raising. accessible primary and pre schools, children and parental participation, strengthening resources. self reliance programs for the family/guardians