Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Hepatitis B Viral Infection Among Addis Ababa University, Regular Undergraduate Students of College of Health Science, Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 2014

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Hepatitis B is blood born liver infection caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the tenth leading cause of death among all diseases worldwide and the fifth leading cause of death from infectious disease worldwide, surpassed only by lower respiratory tract infections, diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS, and Tuberculosis Objective: To assess knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Hepatitis B viral infection among Addis Ababa University, regular undergraduate students of College of Health Science. Method: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted among Addis Ababa University students of college of Health Science, from October 2013 to June 2014. The study population was selected among students of College of Health Science undergraduate program, with a sample size of 422 students. Data was collected by using self-administered, structured and pre tested questionnaire. Data was cleaned, coded and entered into computer and analyzed using SPSS version 20. The degree of association between dependent and independent variables was described using crude odds ratio (COR) and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: A total of 415 students were interviewed with a response rate of 98.3%, among them 91.1% had good knowledge, 89.9% had positive attitude and 68.92% had good practice towards hepatitis B. The attitude and practice of the respondents was found to be significantly associated with their academic year, however, it was not found to have association with the knowledge of the study participants. Conclusion: KAP of the study participants in this study was high, though the effect of little lack of knowledge, positive attitude and good practice can affect the community in which the study participants work now and then. Recommendations: Hepatitis B prevention and control implementation guideline and hepatitis B data has to be derived, and from this guideline each concerned bodies including Health Science College of universities could work out their own strategy on hepatitis B



Knowledge, Attitude, Health Science