An assessment of the implementation of non-formal junior level technical and vocational education and training program in Addis Ababa City administration

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Addis Ababa Universty


The main purpose of the study was to investigate the implementation process that arises in non formal junior level TVET-program towards demand driven training in some selected Non-Format TVET Institutions in Addis Ababa City administration. In order to address the objective of the study descriptive survey method was employed The sample consists of 30 trainers, 205 trainees, 20 sub-City experts and 5 principals. The study was conducted in 5 TVET Non-Formal institutions, and simple random sampling was used to select these intuitions. Simple random sampling method was used to select trainees and trainers and availability sampling approach was employed in selecting the sub city TVET experts and principals of the non-formal TVET Institutions. Two officials are also selected using purposive approach from the TVET Agency. Questionnaire and interview were employed to gather the required data. Analysis was made using percentages. The findings of the study depict that, the efforts made towards labor market assessment to make the training demand driven were not satisfactory. The reason thought for these factor were, lack of support and coordination of regional and sub-city TVET departments and financial constraints to run the program. Furthermore training need assessment and tracer study was not conducted as expected in the training institutes. As to knowledge and skill of NFTVET instructors, they know how to deliver practical trainings but lack the idea of transferring entrepreneurship and micro business skills in linking the training with the world of work to trainees. Findings also indicated that, sufficient offices are available for administrations staffs whereas availability of workshops, educational teaching materials and budget allocation to the training program was not adequate. In light of these training, because of lack of labor market study and shortage of educational materials and workshops with constraints of budget, NF TVET institutes would be in difficult situation to prOVide demand driven training, unless these conditions are improved



Vocational education