Practices and Challenges in Implementing Co-Curricular Activities in Secondary Schools of North Shewa Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to examine the status and challenges of CCAs in North Shewa secondary schools of Oromia Regional State. Descriptive research design and mixed method (qualitative and quantitative) was employed to conduct the study. In the study 8 sample groups encompassing, 237 students, 40 teachers, 8 principals and 3 supervisors were the participants of this study. Systematic sampling technique (to select teachers and students) and purposive sampling (to select principals and supervisors) were used to select the samples. In order to collect data, the researcher used questionnaire, interviews and observation. Questionnaire was distributed to 40 teachers and 237 students. In addition to this, 8 school principals and 3 school supervisors were interviewed. To analyze the data, mean, percentage, graphs and frequency distribution were used. Finding of the study revealed that the number of clubs established and effectively providing services for school community was less and could not give chance for a large population of students to participate. Absence of experience sharing program and shortage of provision of materials were seen in secondary schools. Adequate guidance and support, incentive and reward giving practices for better achievement of teachers and students were not practiced by school leaders. In addition, lack of trained teachers on area of co-curricular activities and lack of budget were the factors exhibited in secondary schools. So, the participation of students and the implementation of co-curricular activities in secondary schools were low. The implication is that the contribution of CCAs for the students' talent development will be minimal. Thus, to improve the situation, it is recommended that training program should be organized by the school leaders and Woreda education office. Strong monitoring and feedback mechanism should be established, adequate budget needs to be allocated by government for school, experience sharing program within and between secondary schools in Zone, region, and country should be designed and implemented by joint effort of school, Woreda education office, Zone and regional education bureau and MoE. Stakeholder such as school leaders, teachers, students and supervisors should participate actively for effectiveness of co-curricular activities. Key words: Co-curricular activities, extra-curricular activities, secondary school, North Shewa



Co-curricular activities, extra-curricular activities, secondary school, North Shewa