Psycho•Social Determinants of Women's Modern Contracepive Use In Dejen Woreda

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


Ethiopia is characterized by rapid population growth rate. This rapid increase in population growth creates major social and economic problem. Only a small proportion of women use modern contraceptive methods (MCM). The reasons for non use of MCM could be of social, economical and psychological characteristics of women. The overall objectives of this study was to investigate and examine factors that affect the use of MCM among married women in age group of 15-49 years living with husbands in Oejen Woreda. In order to assess the objective of the study causal study design was used. Primary data was collected from sampled women using structured questionnaire. The total number of women selected and interviewed was 750. The sampling techniques employed for this study were mainly stratified random sampling procedures. The statistical tools used to analysis the data include univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. Univariate is used to describe the social and psychological characteristics of the respondents. Bivariate was used to assess the relationship of the independent variables and dependent variable by using chi-square test. A logit analysis was run to investigate factors affecting use of MCM in the study area. The study indicated that the proportion of women who have currently used MCM were found to be 42 .7 percent while the majority of the women reported to have not used a method at the time of the survey. As reported by respondents the main reason for current non use of MC was the desire to have additional children followed by fear of method's side effects. The findings of the study showed that the bivariate result of all tested variables is significant in different level of significance. At multi-variete level, among the factor.s considered in the specification of the model, nine were found to significantly influence women's decisions to use MCM. Out of these, women's attitude, communication, and perception of side effects are most powerful determinant variables. Most women in this study were not using MCM, thus programs to increase contraceptive use should focus on improving the status of women through education, employment and health.



Psycho•Social Determinants