Narrative Technique of Adam Reta's Gracha Qachiloch: Stream-of-Consciousness in Focus

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


This thesis is a humble attempt to study the narrative technique used in Gracha Qachiloch, stream-of-consciousness in focus. Gracha Qachiloch was published in 2005 and has 462 pages. The paper shortly discusses what narrative technique is and passes to di scussing the psychological and literary background of stream-of-consciousness. It also discusses different related studies that are done on the employment of the stream-of-consciousness technique in different fictional works and also other studies that are done on the different features of Gracha Qachiloch. Even though the paper covers some prevalent concepts of stream-of-consciousness in psychology, its major focus is the literary aspects of stream-of-consciousness as a narrative technique. It discusses different studies done on the technique and its application to different novels. These studies have establi shed different features of the stream-of-consciousness teclmique in fictional writing and these featu res are discussed in the conceptual framework. The features of the stream-of-consciousness technique that are discussed in the conceptual framework are applied in the analysis of the paper. Numerous passages are taken out from the novel, translated into English, and are assessed according to the features as to what level the stream-of-consciousness technique is employed in the novel. The analysis part leads the study to the conclusion that the chief narrative mode used in the novel is interior monologue and that stream-of-consciousness technique is experimented as well. The study also concludes that there is a development of the employment of the technique in many of its features as the story in the novel develops from the beginning to the end. Moreover, it concludes that Amharic writers can experiment with the stream-of-consciousness technique in their writings and exploit the Amharic language in a new way. And this in turn may diversify the readership experience of Amharic fictional works.