Analysis of School Principals Leadership Practices and Challenges in Yeka Sub City Selected Government Secondary Schools

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This research analysis school principal’s leadership practices and challenges in Yeka Sub-city: Dej.Wondirad, Kara’alo, and Millennium Secondary Schools. Literatures on practices and challenges of school leaders were scrutinized and employed under the study based on research objectives. The research was carried out using quantitative and qualitative research approach with descriptive research design. After selecting the schools using stratified sampling, simple random sampling technique was used to select teachers for questionnaire. The school principals and supervisor were purposely selected for the interview. Among 287 questionnaires that were distributed, 255 were returned which shows 93.4% response rate. The result of Cronbach’s alpha that used to measure internal consistency (reliability) showed that r: 0.964 which witnesses high internal consistency. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 24. The results of the study presented in tables, figures, percentages, mean and standard deviation. The overall finding of the study depicted that planning, goal clarification, organization, management, decision making and well-coming and bringing changes are among the practices of school leaders. Among these the finding showed better practices of school leaders in goal clarification areas. The school principals have limitations in implementing and allocating the school budget and resources effectively. School principals have fear of decision making. The school principals faced lack of effective communication and shortage of employees and resources in the school. Furthermore, the research found low interest of students for education, lack of vision or sense of purpose for learning and high disciplinary problems. In addition, the school surrounding environment was challenges of school principals. Also, low participation of parents and limited commitment of SPTAs in the schools activities were found. Thus, the research concluded that managing all the school activities: the overall teaching learning processes are practices of school principals. Lack of proper support from concerned officials, the new educational policy, financial and resources problems, communication gap, lack of motivation and teachers’ commitment were indicated as challenges. Based on the major findings and conclusions, the study recommended that the concerned government authorities should give on job training for teachers, school principals and supervisors. The school principals should create effective internal and external communication. Concerned authorities should co-operate to solve the school problems



Challenges, Leaders, Limitation, Practices, School