Challenges and opportunities of School Leadership In Implementing School Improvement Program in Secondary Schools of West Arsi Zone Oromia Rigion

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Addis Ababa Universty


The purpose of this study was to identify and assesse the challenges and opportunities of educational leadership in implementing school improvement program in secondary schools of West Arsi Zone, Oromia. In order to attain the objective of the study, descriptive survey method was applied. The study was carried out in six secondary and two preparatory schools in five woredas which were selected by simple random sampling. The respondents were also selected by using simple random sampling techniques. The study involved 195 teachers, 40 department heads, 8 principals, 18 vice principals, 40 School Improvement Committee, 5 Woreda Education Office heads and 5 supervisors. Questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussions, and document reviews were applied as instruments to collect information. The data gathered through questionnaires were analyzed quantitatively by statistical tools such as percentage, frequency count, mean scores, Kuruskal-Wallis test using SPSS (mean rank chi-square, degree of freedom, and P-value). Interviews, focus group discussion, and document reviews were analyzed qualitatively using the content analysis technique. Based on the analysis, the findings show that resource constraints were one of the major challenges in implementing school improvement program in secondary schools. Besides, capacity of principals, tradition and norms, socio-economic condition, the resistance to change were found to be among the serious challenges of the schools. The study also indicated that there were a good possibilities of extemal environment to implement School Improvement Program. But the current practice of school leaders were only moderately p erformed. Regarding the domain of School Improvement Program, school leaders' awareness was high on leaming and teaching practice, on strategic vision, in evaluating student's achievement. Even though, there was lack of implementation due to training on the area of educational leadership courses. The recommendation given was that the regional education bureau, zonal and woreda education office should work with donor organization and community at large to bring more financial resources, to build the capacity of principals leadership on the basis of their needs analysis.