The Effect of Leadership Style on Employee Performance In Some Selected Non-Governmental Organizations: Orbis International Ethiopia, Family Guidance Association and Fred Hollows Foundation

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of leadership style on employee performance in some selected None Government Organizations. A sample size of 160 was used from three selected NGOs in Addis Ababa using stratified sampling technique. The study adopted explanatory research design. A five point likert scale structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software was used in analyzing the questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to measure the central tendency through use of mean scores, percentages, frequencies and presented in tables and charts. Regression analysis was used to establish the relationship between the study variables. The study found that all the three leadership styles namely democratic, autocratic and laissez-fair are practiced at Orbis International Ethiopia, Family Guidance Association and Fred Hollows Foundation. Democratic leadership style is predominantly exhibited by the leaders of these organizations followed by Laissez-faire leadership style. Autocratic leadership style is the least practiced by the supervisors. The study revealed that the task and contextual performance of the employees working at the three selected organizations is high. Lastly, the study found that leadership style of the managers affect the employee performance either negatively or positively. Accordingly, democratic leadership style and laissez-faire leadership style positively affect employees’ performance. Thus, hypotheses in relation to these factors were accepted. On the other hand, autocratic leadership style insignificantly negatively affects employee performance and the tested hypothesis in relation to this variable was rejected. The study recommends that supervisors to practice more of laissez-faire leadership style to enhance the performance of employees. Though the result of the descriptive analysis shows that this leadership style has greater effect on employee performance, the managers should monitor the attitude, behavior of employees and situation and exhibit the right mix of the three types of leadership style depending on the situation



Leadership, Employee Performance, Democratic Leadership style