Performance of Ethiopian National Quality Infrastructure in Production and Primary Processing Activities of Coffee Value Chain

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title




Coffee is the number one source of export revenue generating crop about 25-30 percent of Ethiopia’s total export earnings and plays a vital role in the country’s economy with about 15 million people directly or indirectly deriving their livelihoods from it. Quality of coffee end product, raw (green) coffee, is determined on every step in the value chain activities starting from seedling preparation to retailing. To achieve this quality of coffee product, the performance of Ethiopian NQI elements (standard, metrology, conformity assessment and accreditation) in each main activity of coffee value chain has an important role. Therefore, this study was conducted with an objective of assessing the performance of Ethiopian NQI in production and primary processing activities of coffee value chain and followed by proposing a way to improve the performance. Secondary data from Ethiopian conformity assessment body (CLU) was collected, seven coffee quality experts, six NQI experts, two traders and three machine operators were interviewed and observations of warehouse, conformity assessment practices, laboratories etc. were made during the research and all used as an input of the analysis. During the data presentation, Excel 2013 was used as a main tool in developing charts based on the data collected. The results were revealed that ENQI elements are weak in performance in both production and primary processing activities of coffee value chain. Lack of standards in coffee cherries grading and weak in standards implementation in piling of coffee direct contacted with wall, piling on bare ground, store empty bags with coffee filled bags together etc. were investigated. Also, lack of testing of temperature and humidity during storage and transportation, lack of soil nutrition testing of coffee lands, weak in inspections performance of pests, diseases, ripeness, drying level, fermentation level, proper washing, proper separation of coffee beans from husks and hulls etc. were seen. Moreover, there is no any accreditation practices were performed through these two activities of coffee Value chain. In order to improve these problems within the performance of ENQI elements in production and primary processing activities of coffee value chain, a new working framework was proposed that can link the two sectors (NQI and coffee sector) to work cooperatively. Therefore, it is recommended that to use the newly proposed framework and the four NQI authoritative bodies have to go distances such as establishing their office in a place coffee production and primary processing takes place, show usage of their service in practice by performing it on selected model actors, like Metrology Institute, asking and moving to them to give services, etc. to reach and serve the coffee sector (actors in coffee production and primary processing activities) instead of waiting this sector to come a distance to them to get their services.



Quality Infrastructure, Coffee Value Chain