The Role of National Consensus and Reconciliation Practices for Peace in Ethiopia: Pathways for Sustainable Peace in Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


Ethiopia is undergoing massive political reform since April 2018. However, the sustainability of this political reform is depending on to what extent the reform is capable of identifying and addressing major national issues through national consensus and reconciliation. The study aims at exploring the major national consensus agenda and the need for national reconciliation at one hand and the effective implementation of the political reforms initiated in Ethiopia to build sustainable peace. The qualitative research methodology was employed and semi-structured indepth interviews with key informants were conducted. The key informants are selected purposely from different professions and political affiliation. The data collected from all interviews were analyzed through critical discourse analysis and secondary data had been analyzed systematically. The study explored that the FDRE constitution, federalism, institutional independence, democratic system, national flag, national emblem, national heroes, economic model or economic policy, privatization, government interference in the market and the issue of equal distribution of resources, political culture, culture of tolerance, and promoting cultural identity are major national issues that should be addressed through national consensus. On the other hand, historical narratives, past regimes injustice and the issue of social cohesions, political and economic marginalization, ethnic extremism, and the issue of boundary demarcation are major national issues that should be solved through national reconciliation in order to bring sustainable peace in Ethiopia. The available legal, policy and institutional frameworks are enough to conduct national consensus and reconciliation to bring fruitful outcomes. Despite critical challenges, the current political reform also has the potential to transform the fragility of Ethiopia situation into consolidated democracy and able to build sustainable peace. The medemer discourse, on the other hand, is one of the most important principles of togetherness, unity, and forgiveness that bridges the horizontal relationship among the societies and brings sustainable peace in Ethiopian. The general public is willing to address the national issues through national consensus and reconciliation but the political elites are manipulating their political interest over national issues. The national consensus and reconciliation model of Tunisia, South Africa, and Rwanda are the best models that the reconciliation commission of Ethiopia should take into consideration to bring successful outcomes.



National consensus, National reconciliation, National dialogue, sustainable peace, political reform.