Attitude of Parents and Teachers’ towards Early Childhood Care and Education Centers in Selected Preschools in West Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State

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ECCE program refers to a comprehensive approach or programmes for children from birth to eight years of age, which needs positive attitude of parents and caregivers towards the program. The main purpose of the study was to investigate parents and teachers’ attitude towards early childhood care and education in West Wollega Zone, Oromia Region. To conduct the study, mixed research method with descriptive design was applied. In this study 40 teachers and 30 parents samples from 4 Woredas and 10preschools were participated using simple random and purposive sampling techniques respectively. The data collection tools used for this study were questionnaires, interview and document analysis. The quantitative data were analyzed by using SPSS version 20 and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statics; whereas qualitative data were used to support the main data through narration in words. The results of the study indicated that: The role and attitudes of parents and teachers to support early childhood care and education in selected preschools awareness of ECCE programme were insufficient. The interview result also revealed that they were not volunteer in communicating with teachers, participating in academic activities at home, and attending school events. Parent whose children are not enrolling into ECCE programme are not encouraged in line with expected purpose in regular education. As interview result confirmed Parent’s education level and socioeconomic status has the potential influence on children education. The result also revealed that as the lack of parents’ awareness regarding the benefit of education were the major factors at the study area. In order to develop attitudes of parents and teachers in early childhood parents should help of childhood to expand preschool in the study area. Finally, the Pearson correlation coefficient was computed to determine the relationship between parents and teachers attitude and ECCE center at (γ=.580**, p=000N=63) meaning that there is moderate significant difference between them. The teacher should take different roles in the school in order to achieve the objectives of the school. Concerned bodies should provide awareness about the importance of parental attitude in their children’s education to parents, teachers, and administrators thereby increasing ECCE program in the zone.



Attitude, Parents‟ and Teachers, Early Childhood Care and Education Centers, Preschools, West Wollega Zone