Causal Factors For Teacher turnover In technical and vocational education and training Institutions: the case of Selected Technical and vocational education and Training Institutions In Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


The main purpose of this study was to assess current status of teacher turnover and to identify the major causal factors of teachers' turnover. In order to meet this objective of the study, a descriptive survey design employed.90 trainers were selected by simple random sampling technique out of 459 trainers and out of 12 officers 6 officers were selected by available sampling technique. Questionnaires and interview used for collecting data. The questionnaires piloted and checked for their reliability (Cronbach's alpha 0.892). The data obtained through the questionnaires analyzed using frequency, percentages, mean, and correlation determining the relation of the status and causal factors of teacher turnover. The information obtained through open-ended questions and the interviews were qualitatively analyzed to supplement the quantitative data. The findings revealed that the status of teacher turnover is very high. Teacher's turnover has high correlation with teachers' related factors (738, P > 0.05) than institutional factors (573, P> 0.05). Measures like adequate relative salaries and higher salaries for better-performing teachers (92.6% & 95% respectively) and need highest attention in taking measure. To sum up, teachers' turnover is very high in sample technical and vocational colleges. Therefore, the city government should design and implement retention mechanisms.