Analysis of Humanitarian Assistance Interventions in Droughtprone Areas of Waghimra Zone of Amhara Regional State from Rights-based Approach: The Case of Sekota Woreda

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Addis Ababa University


Humanitarian assistance has been pervasive throughout response and recovery actions to various disasters in human history, yet the modern concept of humanitarian assistance has only emerged since 20th century. Humanitarian practitioners and organizations are seeking effective and efficient means of minimizing the tremendous losses suffered from disaster strikes. On the basis of the shift over the quest for effective means of humanitarian assistance interventions, this study is aimed to analyze humanitarian assistance interventions from right based approach and taking as a case study of Sekota Woreda. The case study was selected because of the continuity of humanitarian assistance interventions for the last several decades; yet still drought prone area seeking for effective and efficient approach to creating resilience to unfolding disasters. A quantitative and qualitative research approach was largely employed to triangulate the findings. Primary data were collected from a sample of 250 households which were selected using probability sampling. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The quantitative data sets were computed using STATA12. Qualitative data were collected using a guideline from KII and FGD via interviews and focused discussions. The qualitative data was grouped into thematic categories and patterns that resemble right-based approach were analyzed to triangulate the quantitative and secondary content data sets. The secondary data were collected from reports, published and unpublished material available via document research checklist and a content analysis was employed. The main findings of the study were (1) Causes of food insecurity in Sekota Woreda: The recurrent drought (shortage of rainfall), soil degradation, hailstorm and shortage of arable land aggravated were found to be the causes of household food insecurity; 2) Determinants of Food Insecurity in Sekota Woreda: the binary logistic regression model showed the significance of the independent over the dependent variables and thus analyzed as determinants of household food insecurity in Sekota Woreda. Accordingly, sex of the household head, drought frequency, participation in humanitarian programming process, transparency of the programme to beneficiaries, timeline of the assistance, package of the assistance and linkage with development were the significant variables in terms of affecting the household food insecurity status. The above two key findings were analyzed in the framework of rights-based approach and the results has found that the humanitarian assistance interventions that were carried out in the study for several decades have been operated without consideration of basic right based approach principles. In this regard, the interventions did give little consideration to participation, transparency, accountability and empowerment principles in practice though the rhetoric is evident in the intervention plan documents. The study concluded with the recommendations that interventions in humanitarian assistance settings which aimed at adaptation to climate resilience of the affected community have to involve in all phases of humanitarian programming and outcome evaluations.



Humanitarian Assistance, Right Based Approach, Food Security, Sphere, Drought, household