Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Achievement of Public Secondary Schools in Burayu Town

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The overall objective of the study is to assess the main factors that influence the academic achievement of students in public secondary schools of Burayu Secondary School, Dire Secondary School and Burka Nono Secondary School. To achieve this, the researcher employed descriptive survey research design because it is suitable to describe academic achievements by large number of the student in the schools of understudy. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were employed to select appropriate samples for the study. Accordingly, simple random sampling for student and teachers, purposive sampling technique was used for principals, student parent teacher association and zonal education officer. The sample consists of 350 students, 90 teachers 3 principals, 2 teacher parent association members and 1 Zone educational officer. Close-ended types of questionnaire were administered to students and teachers whereas key informant interview and focus group discussion were applied to principals, student’s parent, teacher association, and zonal educational officer. Then, the collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and narration depending on context of the gathered data. The findings of the study revealed that school facilities and learning equipments by students, students’ learning and study habit, teachers’ interest and preparation to teach were the major challenges among schools under study. In addition, socio-economic status, educational background and an employment condition of the family, have greatly affected students ‘academic achievement. Based on the finding, summary, and conclusion were drawn. In addition, the researcher forwarded recommendations for stakeholders. Students shall take responsibility of their learning to attain good result in their future life, government, ministry of education, Oromia regional education bureau, the schools, governmental and nongovernmental organizations that work on improving quality of education shall fulfil learning equipments like textbooks, reference books, laboratory equipments, computer centre and digital library for their students. Finally, parents should follow up their children learning progress regularly.



Student Academic Achievement, Learners Study Habit, Teachers Academic Rank, Parent Socio-Economic Status, Parent School Participation, Quality of Education, Parent Occupation, Learning Equipments.