The Interrelationship of Sex, Self - Esteem and Academic Achievement of Institutionalized Orphans and Non - Orphans

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is any interrelationship between sex, self-esteem and academic achievement of institutionalized orphan and nonorphans at Selam Children Village in Addis Ababa. This study was conducted in a randomly sampled 200 non-orphan students (l00 boys &100 girls) and 83 (52 boys & 31 girls) institutionalized orphans through grades 5 to 8. The ages of the subject sample ranges between 10 to 18 years. Self-esteem was measured using School Form of Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and academic achievement was measured through the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA), which was computed based on participants' grade points of total subjects. Mean comparison, t-test, Pearson Product Moment correlation coefficient, and one-way ANOVA were computed to assess the significance of difference between the self-esteem and academic achievement between groups, sexes, grade level and living place of the students. Results showed that academic achievement and self-esteem are significantly and positively correlated. Non-orphan students were superior to institutionalized orphans ill their level of self-esteem and academic achievement. Although through all grades female students' self-esteem mean score was higher than males, there was 110 significant difference between the two groups.



The Interrelationship of Sex, Self - Esteem, and Academic Achievement