Utilization of School Supplementary Curriculum Materials in Private Primary Schools in Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to investigate the utilization of school supplementary curriculum materials in two private primary schools in Addis Ababa. To conduct this study concurrent mixed research design was used. A total of 259 respondents participated in the study comprising 174 students, 12 teachers, 65 parents, 4 administrators and 4 Education Bureau supplementary materials evaluators. The sample students were selected using stratified sampling and simple random sampling technique. The sample schools, teachers, administrators and AAEB supplementary materials evaluators were selected using purposive sampling techniques. Questionnaire, interview, focus group discussion and document analysis were the data collection tools employed for the study. Having checked the validity and reliability of the instruments data were collected from students, teachers, parents, administrators and Addis Ababa Education Bureau supplementary curriculum materials ‘evaluators. Data from students were obtained by using questionnaire and FGD while data from teachers, administrators and Addis Ababa Education Bureau supplementary materials’ evaluators were collected using interview. Moreover, data from parents were collected using open ended questionnaires. SPSS version 21 was used to analyze data and to get frequencies, percentages, and mean scores. The findings of this study revealed that stakeholders have positive view on the contribution of the school supplementary curriculum materials to students’ learning. However, in the preparation of school supplementary curriculum materials, especially in using the Addis Ababa regional state language, the schools did not consider the Education and Training Policy as the schools were preparing supplementary materials in English language. Thus, making supplementary curriculum materials’ proofreading, revising continuously, having forums for discussions with teachers on how they view the topics and sub-topics of the syllabus and training teachers how to prepare supplementary curriculum materials were suggested by stakeholders to improve school supplementary curriculum materials. Hence, to improve the utilization of school supplementary curriculum materials, schools need to organize a department that checks the supplementary curriculum materials before they are published. The Education Bureau needs to work hard in creating deep awareness for teachers in the preparation and utilization of supplementary curriculum materials. In addition to this, the Bureau may prepare supplementary curriculum materials that are standardized and can be used by all schools as a model as well as creating forums that widen the awareness of parents about the importance of children’s learning in their mother tongue languages. Key words: Supplementary curriculum materials, Syllabus, Students’ learning



Supplementary curriculum materials, Syllabus, Students, learning