Assessment of Factors Affecting Clinical Practice Competency of Undergraduate Health Science Students In Hawassa University, South, Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


Background: Clinical practice experiences are critically important to achieve the maximum level of clinical competence after receiving adequate theoretical and practical instructions. However graduates have problems in doing some easy duties .Most new bachelor graduates have adequate theoretical knowledge but lack competence in the clinical environment. The objective of this study was to assess factors affecting clinical practice competence of undergraduate health science student in Hawassa University, medical and health Science College. Methods: Institutional based Cross-sectional study was carried among 345 Bsc nursing, midwifery and health officer student and FGDs were carried among four groups. Simple random sampling was applied to select study subject. Descriptive analysis was employed to describe the percentages and number distributions of the respondents for socio-demographic characteristics. Bivariate analysis was used to see the association of independent with the dependent variable. Crude and adjusted odds ratios together with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals computed. A P-value ≤ 0.05 considered statistically significant in this study. Data was collected by using a self-administered questionnaire for quantitative and unstructured questioner for focused group discussions. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were triangulated and Data was collected from April, 2015 to July, 2015. RESULT: In this survey the prevalence of clinical practice competency was found to be25.2%. In this study, student with clinical instructor support had more ability to clinical practice competency by 2 times (AOR=2.064, 95%CI 1.042, 3.694) than students who hadn’t got clinical instructor support during clinical practice and students with clinical practice assessment checklist more likely ability to clinical practice competency by 4 times (AOR=4.058, 95% CI 1.238, 12.65) than students who hadn’t got clinical assessment checklist during clinical practice. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Clinical practice competency was 25.2% among students who have clinical instructor support, conduciveness of clinical placement; clinical assessment checklist as well integrated learning methods. So improving supervision of clinical instructor and designing appropriate clinical practice protocol has important to enhance clinical practice competency of student in Hawassa medical and health Science College



Clinical practice, Undergraduate Health Science Students