Awareness of Hiv Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Among Health Care Personnel in Asella Teaching Hospital, Asella Town, South-East Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Background: HIV/AIDS is being considered as one of the major health problem and an occupational health hazard among health care personnel. Avoiding contact with infected blood is one of the primary strategies of preventing occupationally acquired HIV infection. Post exposure prophylaxis of HIV is the only way to reduce risk of HIV after potential exposure to blood and body fluids. This study was conducted to determine awareness of individuals about HIV PEP among health care personnel in health care setting particularly hospitals because there are high staffs and high risks of acquiring accidental exposure to HIV infection. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the level of awareness of HIV PEP and determinants factors among health care personnel of Asella Teaching Hospital. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey conducted among 251 participant health care personnel at Asella Teaching Hospital, Asella town from December 2013 to May 2014. A purposive sampling survey was used. Pretest study was conducted on 5% of sample size and the questionnaires were modified accordingly. Result: Respondents’ level of awareness is measured by calculating the total possible score in PEP of HIV questions & classified into two categories: those who have no awareness (below 40 percentile), have awareness (above 60 percentile). Majority 198 (78.9%) of the respondents had good level of awareness on PEP of HIV. Over 64(25.5%) had been exposed to needle stick and other sharp injuries and 103 (41.0%) had been exposed to blood and body fluid splash to eye, or mouth. Conclusion and Recommendation: This study revealed low use of PEP despite the average aware of HIV PEP amongst the respondents. So, health care personnel need to improve their awareness on PEP of HIV through different training program related to PEP of HIV. Key words: Awareness, Occupational exposure, post-exposure prophylaxis, health care personnel, HIV



Awareness, Occupational exposure, Post-exposure prophylaxis, Health care personnel