Challenges and Pros pects of Fema le youth Employment in Pu blic Educa ti on sect" ,. of West Shoa Zone (The Case of T hree selected Wcrcdas)

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the main problems of female youth employment in public education sector. Moreover, it will attempt to explain as why female youth are unevenly distributed in various occupations of the sector and the potential areas of female youth employment in public education sector. Youth women in Gindeberet, Jeldu and Abuna Gindeberet districts have been suffer from a deficit of decent work opportunities. Employment opportunities for women particularly young women are very scarce, challenging and complex. In education sector there are more female youth secretaries and elementary schoolteachers than female manager and female secondary schoolteachers, their employment was affected by various factors and even employed young females face many problems at work place. The study tried to assess challenges and prospects of female youth employment in public education sector of the three districts. The researcher adopted both qualitative and quantitative research approaches; both probability and non probability sampling technique; both primary and secondary source of data for the study. The distribution of female youth in different occupations of public education sector was uneven in the three districts under study. Most of the sector's female workers are concentrated in primary school with certificate and diploma qualifications, while few of them are school director, secondary school teachers and none of them is in managerial position in the sector. Examination of women's participation in decision-making revealed an even worse situation. The constitution's affirmation in guarantee of access to and full participation in power structure and decision making have not even been taken up by policy commitment. Finding indicates that constitutional commitment of the government to grant affirmative action has not been transited into concrete action at any level. Low educational achievement of women, bias in recruitment and deep rooted perceptions regarding the work of females are common for imbalance across different positions of the sector. Young women come across with many challenges on the way of finding jobs and at work place. At recruitment stage bias in hiring and low altitudes towards female 's work is usual problems. Harassment and stereotype believes are major difficulties that young women face in work place. Employment opportunities for young women are shaped by different factors, factors influencing the supply and demand sides of the labor market and individual characteristics like educational achievement and personal networks. Government, the society and women themselves should work together to mitigate the constraints so as to enhance employability of young women.



Pros pects of Fema le youth Employment