Analysis of Gender Relations as Reflected in Amharic

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Addis Ababa University


This study is based on analyzing gender relations as reflected in Amharic oral genres of West Gojjam zone- with special emphasis on poetry and proverbs. The study has four chapters. These are Introduction, Review of Related Literature, Analysis as well as Summary and Conclusion. The first chapter introduces the statement of the problem, objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope and limitations, organization, methods of data collection and analysis and translation. The second chapter discusses theoretical issues of the study. The concepts of folklore and oral literature have been discussed as background. As the study mainly revolves around oral literature, attempts have been made to clarify its characteristics and functions . Definitions and some other aspects of proverbs and oral poems have also been provided specifically. The data collected reveal the patriarchal view of the traditional community of West Gojjam. Most of the proverbs and poems reflect superiority of men and inferiority of women. Women are subordinated in many instances. Therefore, some aspects of gender relations and images of women have been assessed from the feminist theoretical point of view. In addition, chapter two has incorporated assessments of previous researches on gender based oral genres. The-socio cultural background of West Gojjam zone has also been discussed in the last part of this chapter. Chapter three , deals with the analysis of the data. The proverbs and oral poems have been classified into two broad categories. The first category which is sub divided into 13 topics shows negative images of the society towards women. The second one depicts positive images of women in West Gojjam though only in a fewer cases. The last chapter, which is chapter four, tries to summarize what has been done in the study. Based on the findings of the study conclusions have been drawn and some recommendations have also been made.



PAmharic roverbs and Oral Poems