An Investigation in to the Relevance of the Ethiopia an Senior Secondary School Education : the Case of Jimma And Illubabor Zones of Oromia

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Addis Ababa University


The examination of an educational system at anyone level can be made possible through a profound investigation of its development process, its implementation and its ultimate pertinence. In view of this, the purpose of this study is to determine the extent of the Senior Secondary Level Education's relevance or irrelevance to the needs of Ethiopian rural and urban communities' with a particular focus on communities of the former Illubabor Administrative Region - presently, Jimma and Illubabor Zones of Oromia. To achieve this purpose, five senior secondary schools (one from each AwrajaJ are purposively selected from the total of nineteen senior secondary schools found in the region. From these schools, seventy-two teachers and fourhundred and sixty-five students are randomly selected as respondents. In addition, twenty-five community representatives are purposively selected from the communi ties where each school is located and interviewed. The contents of eighteen text-books that are currently in use in the Senior Secondary Schools are also analyzed. In order to obtain the necessary da ta from these sources, both qualitative and quantitative research techniques are employed . To this end, different data gathering tools such as questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, class-room observations, text-books content analysis and document studies are used. The data procured through these instruments are tabulated, interpreted and analysed. The results indicate that the contents of the Senior Secondary Level Education are quite relevant to serve the needs of the Ethiopian rural and urban communi ties in general. They consist of knowledge and practical skills that are closely related to the real needs, demands and problems of both the rural and urban communities. On the other hand, teachers' instructional performances are observed to be far removed from implementing them . The greater majority of the teachers observed are not seen to make any efforts to relate the contents of their lessons either to the day-to - day and future lives of their students or to the overall lives of the communities.In general, the results show that the Education of the Senor Secondary Level is well prepared at its development stage. However, due to the poor conditions of the schools and due to the poor instructional performances of the majority of teachers, it is poorly implemented at the schools level. Moreover, as the study indicates, lack of employment for the graduates from this level is the major factor that casts shadow on the relevance of the education of this level, for it is resulting in high rate of student drop-out.



Investigation in to the Relevance