Knowledge, Attitude and Practice About Local Environmental Sanitation Related to Health Addis Ketema Sub City, Addis Ababa City (House Hold Survey)

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Addis Ababa University


Three billion people in the world are without proper sanitation today, and around 50% of wastes lie uncollected, polluting the environment and endangering health. The purpose of this thesis was to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of residents about local environmental sanitation related to health, Addis Ketema Sub-City, Addis Ababa Town A community wide descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in the selectee{ kebeles of Addis Ketema Sub-City on a sample of 374 residents. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice was assessed by pre-coded, pre tested structured questionnaire. In addition data were collected using open ended questions and observation check list. Data were collected after getting both written and verbal consent from concemed bodies such as officials of the sub-city and the study subjects. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 statistical software. The cumulative knowledge, practice and attitude of the respondents towards local sanitation were computed. Those who have good knowledge accounts (16%). On the other hand those respondents who have good practice and good attitude were (7.8%) and (15.8%) respectively. An association was done between cumulative knowledge and practice of respondents using Chi- square test. The test result showed that there is significant association (x2: p <0.05) between the cumulative knowledge and practice which probably be the gap that exists between their knowledge and practice level. The result also shows that the attitude of the respondents is better than their practice. Even though the awareness and attitude level of residents is relatively better tht;:m their practice, the cumulative knowledge, attitude and practice of the community is lower than expectation. Further research using a large sample size is required. In line with improving local environmental sanitation, intensive environmental health education about the risk of improper waste disposal to health should be given to the community. Lack of facilities to dispose and transport solid waste is found to be very low and critical. Therefore, collaboration is required between different stake holders to reduce the problem. Key words: Sanitation, wastes, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice



Sanitation;wastes; Knowledge ;Attitude and Practice