Department of Psychology the Problems of Living as Persons With Visual Impairment in Hossana Town

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Addis Ababa University


This study was undertaken to explore the living situations of persons with visual impairment in hosanna town. To this end, 20 persons with visual impairment, 30 officials (experts) from concerned organization, 2 religious leaders and 2 community elders purposely selected in all 3 kebele administration of Hossana town to gather information pertaining to the living situations of persons with visual impairment. Basic questions raised ·to address this issue include background information of the sample population, their current living conditions, social status, beliefs (views) external and internal locus of control, and other various factors that affect their living situations. The study used semi-structured, structured, open-ended interview questions and focus group discussion. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze the data . The result of the study indicated that 12 were illiterate individuals. where 14 of them happened to lead their life by begging. In addition to the economic hardship, segregation and stigmatization, negative attitudes (views) and stereotyped views are the major social problems encountered by visually impaired individuals. As it was found that majority of them suffer from high feeling of loneliness, helplessness and low self-esteem. Most of their problems raised due to lack of preventive measures, skill training, income generating programs, absence of medical services, special education services, ignorance of the people and low awareness. On the basis of the study findings, suggestions to improve the living situations of persons with visual impairments are provided



Visual Impairment