Assessment of Performance and Challenges of Pharmaceuticals Inventory Management of the Public Health Facilities in West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia.

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Abeba University


Background: As high as 40 percent of the health care budget was expended on pharmaceuticals in developing countries, however significant proportions of the population do not get access to even the most essential medicines. Weak pharmaceutical inventory management is one of the factors that may contribute to the problem as it can result in irrational utilization of drugs, blockade of financial resources and/or stockout of essential medicines. The objective of this study was to assess the performance and challenges of the pharmaceuticals inventory management of public health facilities in West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Generally, the methods used in this thesis have been guided by the recommendations of the Logistics Indicator Assessment Tool (LIAT) developed by USAID/DELIVER Project. Accordingly, facility-based cross-sectional descriptive study design was followed. Among 98 total health facilities, 17 of them were chosen by simple random sampling technique. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected. Qualitative data were collected from 10 participants through key informant interview method by using a semi-structured interview guide and analyzed using a qualitative analysis technique (reviewing the interview thoroughly, categorizing thematically, summarizing and finally writing down the information by stating the finding), while quantitative data were collected using a data abstraction forms and observation checklist and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The data collection period was from May to June 2019. The average shelf life of the selected medicines was 62.22%. None of the selected medicines were stocked per the plan in all the facilities. An average inventory accuracy rate was 39.23%. The wastage rate in studied facilities was 7.08%. The average order lead time was 31.10 days. The inventory turnover rate was 8.21 and the average percentage fulfillment of a storage condition was 70.88%. Some of the major challenges identified include the inability to dispose of a large quantity of expired medicine, inadequate storage space, interrupted supply and inadequate manpower. The inventory management performance of the study facilities were poor which was shown by lower inventory accuracy rate, higher wastage rate and lower storage condition. Applying feasible medicine disposal method, fulfilling the required manpower and sharing near expiry medicines with other facilities are recommended.



Challenges, Essential, Facilities, Health, Inventory, Management and Medicines