Attitude of Students towards Cost Sharing In Oromia Regional Colleges

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Addis Abeba university


A new involving educational cost sharing from the beneficiary was introduced for the first time in Ethiopian HE! :in 1994~ Under this system the direct beneficiaries- the studf!nts are expected to share at l~ast s'ome of th~ir educational expenses. Following the introduction of the system in all public HE!, it has been hypothesized that students may be reflecting a negative perception about cost sharing. The principal purpose of the study was to assess students' attitude towards cost-sharing scheme in Gromia Regional Colleges. Based on the findir:g~ of t~e study suggestions were forwarded. Research questions addressing issues related to sty.d.ents' attitude towards cost sharing were raised. To this effect, the descriptive res~arch method. was employed. The survey was conducted on five colleges, which were believed to be a representative of other public colleges in the region. A sample of 403 students and 28 college administrators was drawn using simple random and purposive sampling techniques respectively, The sampled students and college administrators were both from TTC and TVET colleges. Questionnaire was used as an instrument of data collection. The data collected was then analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively using statistical tools such as percentage, mean, chi-square and t-tests. The results obtained from the study revealed that the majority of the students were aware of the challenges of the government in financing education. The findings further revealed that objectives of cost-sharing were not widely articulated and were not well-known among the students and college administrators-the rationale of cost-sharing did not convince students to the expected level; the majority of students acknowledged the availability of different mechanisms of cost-sharing scheme implementation; and that the students were {l)illing to accept cost-sharing scheme if certain provisions will be fulfilled / managed. In light of these findings, the following recommendations were forwarded: providing adequate orientation services to all college students and administrators in order to maximize their awareness and minimize their resistance and misconceptions about coslsharing; students and college administrators should be well informed about the objectives, rationale and mechanisms of cost-sharing; the government should assist students who deserves support to alleviate or minimize their financial deficiencies; as much as possible, students should be assigned to the field which they are interested more; and the criten'a to be used in assigning students to different fields of study should be so rational and transparent