Preparation of Coordinate Based Cadastral Map in Rural Ethiopia: Case Study Biteejersa Lafo KA, Oromia Region

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Addis Ababa Universty


Cadastral systems have a long tradition. The Cadastre is a parcel-based system, i.e. information is geographically referenced to unique, well-defined units of land. These units are defined by the formal or informal boundaries marking the extent of lands held for exclusive use by individuals and specific groups of individuals (e.g. families, corporations, and communal groups).Besides, Cadastral Systems have been acknowledged to be a core component of land administration systems, yet they have been facing a number of challenges ranging from technological pressure to user requirement changes. This due to the different stages of development, different countries have different capacities for the development of cadastral systems. In particular, human, technological and financial resources will determine the most appropriate form of cadastral system to meet the needs of individual countries. Nevertheless, a fullfledged cadastral system in developing countries like Ethiopia is in its’ inception stage. Hence, this has been hamper the efficient utilization of natural resources i.e., the land use and land administration of the country as a whole and the rural Ethiopia in particular. This is due to the infancy of the cadastral surveying in the country. The cadastral surveying techniques in Ethiopia are using traditional measuring devices (e.g., chains, rods, tape, or strings). Hence, the plots are described according to their positional relationship to those features and as to their position relative to neighboring plots (e.g., whose property is on the north, south, east, and west sides of the plot being registered).For this reason in the three certification period in Ethiopia none of the regions prepared a (cadastral) map, not even a sketch and/or they simply measurement based cadastral surveying techniques.Thus,the integration of GPS and High resolution satellite images with GIS in producing coordinate based cadastral map could accelerate the cadastral map coverage in Ethiopia .This is also tested its’ procedure in the study area Bite- Ejersa Lefo Kebele Administration. Moreover, the research also tries to review the countries experiences on the current development and administrational framework of cadastral system which is already reported by the cadastral institutions under united nation. Likewise, an attempt has undertaken to see the Ethiopian existing capacity towards cadastral surveying techniques, and the current circumstances of cadastral map coverage in the country. Finally, cadastral map also trying to see from the angle of NSDI (National Spatial Data Infrastructure). That is cadastral map as an input to spatial data infrastructure. Keywords: Cadastral system, coordinate based cadastral map, GPS, High resolution satellite images, GIS, NSDI



Cadastral system, Coordinate based cadastral map, GPS, High resolution satellite images