Assessment of Vocational Behavior of Persons with . Mental Retardation in Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The participants of this study were thirty two students (mild males=9, mild females =3 ,moderate males=J2 and moderatefemales=8), six teachers, two principals of the center, and one Ministry of Labor and Social Affair team leader of persons with disabilities. Except the students all of them were selected using pwposive sampling method; hence the students were selected by random sampling. Four data collection instruments were used, namely, competency rating scale, questionnaire, interview, and document analysis. In order to analyze the data both qualitative and quantitative analysis were used The result showed that in center of mental retardation there are ten varieties of prevocational adaptive skills and prevocational skills training given for students with mental retardation. The majority of the students were competent in these skills training, except in functional academics and petty trading; and their first vocational skill training choice was janitorial activity. Moreover, the performance on prevocational adaptive skill was correlated with prevocational skill training. On the other hand, the pelformance on these skills training analyzed by sex seems to appear in favor of males, where as in the case level of retardation, mild students performed bener than those of moderate with some exceptions. The results also showed that persons with mental retardation have higher rates of unemployment comparing with persons with and with out disabilities. In addition, the finding indicated that the main challenge of the implementation policy was financial shortage, lack of skilled persons, and lack of awareness. This study concluded that students with mental retardation are able to perform different tasks of vocational skills training options with appropriate order and supervision. Despite this demonstration of competency, many persons with mental retardation are underemployed However, few of them have job in non-governmental organizations Suggestions and recommendations based on this study are included



focused on assessing the vocational behavior