School improvement program (SIP) implementation and challenges in Secondary Schools: the case of selected government secondary schools of Addis Ababa City Administration

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Addis Ababa University


Objective: The main objective of this study was assessing the implementation and challenges of school improvement program (SIP) in selected government secondary schools of Addis Ababa. Methods: Mixed method research design were employed. Three sub-cities were randomly selected and three schools were also randomly selected from each sub-city. The study employed questionnaire and interview as data collection tools. Quantitative data was collected from 120 teachers and 48 educational leaders (principals, in school supervisors and SIP committee members). Qualitative data was collected from 18 students, parents and sub-city level supervisors. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used to analyze the collected data. Results: In the present study it was found that the overall SIP implementation was moderate where school leadership and community participation domains are poorly implemented. Moreover, inadequate coordination of SIP by the school principals and poor participation from stakeholders are the major challenges in the SIP implementation in schools at Addis Ababa city. Conclusion: School leadership and community participations domains are poorly implemented that resulted in moderate overall SIP implementation. Recommendation: MoE and other stakeholders need to provide refresher trainings for all SIP implementers.



implementation and challenges in Secondary Schools