Resilience status, risk and protective factors of Aids-Orphan adolescents In twelve Kebeles of Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa Universty


This study examined the resilience status, and the associated risk and protective factors of AIDS orphan adolescents living in selected twelve Kebeles of Addis Ababa. 300 respondents who had lost both of their parents to HIVIAIDS disease in the age range of 13-18 years were sampled from the Kebeles' lists for this study. ConnorDavidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and questionnaire (which assessed individual, familial and social environment information) were administered to the respondents of which 266 valid and complete responses of AIDS orphan adolescents was taken for data analysis. Mean split method showed that 213 of the respondents had atleast average resilience level scores in CD-RISC where as only 113 were found to have below average competence level. Using independent sample T-tests and ANOVA responses to the questionnaire were analyzed in relation to respondents' resilience scores. The finding showed that gender (females over males); education status; academic performances; living arrangements; access to basic needs; participating in community activities; access to attachment figures; and coping mechanisms ( looking for advice and use of prayers over other coping mechanisms) were found directly related to AIDS orphan adolescents resiliency. On the other hand, changing living area, crime and substance use prevalence in the area were found to be inversely related to AIDS orphan adolescents resiliency. However, age, proximity of years since death of parents, employment and emotional states of respondents were found to have insignificant effects on their resilience statuses. Based on this research's findings most of the risk and protective factors indicated in resilience theory were found to be applicable to AIDS orphan adolescents of Addis Ababa, and recommendations on how to apply the theories approaches were indicated finally signifying required individual, familial, and social environment characteristics to concerned bodies dealing with positive development of AIDS orphan adolescents.