The Principles of Physical Fitness Training and Their Applications in the Fitness Centers of Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


This study was aimed at investigating the principles of physical fitness training and their applications in Addis Ababa fitness centers/gyms. In order to meet this purpose, some basic questions were raised regarding the general conditions of the gyms and gym instructors and mass media physical fitness programs. The basic questions related to instructors qualification, gym facility and the fitness program as a whole. The study employed both quantitative and qualitative research methods, and simple random and purposive sampling techniques for selecting those who took part in the study. In the study 104 trainees, 15 instructors of the eight top level gyms of Addis Ababa, 2 experts of Ministry of Youth and Sports were participated. Questionnaires, interview, observation, and document reviewing were used as tools of data gathering. Accordingly, the overall study revealed that the human capacity of the gymslclubs could not correspond with the expansion of this industry and allentions were not given for special need groups, and some small but important things like changing rooms, well stocked first aid kit and fire extinguisher were forgollen in the gyms. The study concluded that there is lack of qualified professionals in this area of discipline while special needs are ignored at all. Thus the recommendations for addressing this issue includes higher institutes should produce qualified professionals for the area, gyms should consider some minor but important materials and facilities like changing rooms, fully stocked first aid kit, fire extinguisher,jorms which trainees fill in; gyms should also consider special need groups; and finally mass media fitness programs should be a coordinated and cooperative work with governmental and non governmental organizations.



physical fitness training and their applications