Status of democratization as Ideological message in primary schools: the case of Grazmach Pawlos primary school in Bonga

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa Universty


The purpose of this study was to examine how democracy has been practiced and what democratization practices have been underway in Grazmach Pawlos Primary School. The study followed qualitative case study design that focused on upper primary grades (grades 5-8) and randomly selected students, teachers, unit leader and principals. Accordingly, semi-structure interview, non-participant observation and questionnaire have been employed. By applying qualitative analysis upon the gathered data, the study found two sets of contrasting results. The first set that which is substantially in congruence with the country and scholars' expectations (participation of students in discipline and decision-making that affect them and their learning, participation of teachers in all decision-making and strong relationship with the administration, academic freedom for teachers, the existence of conducive physical environment, empowerment of female students as much as that of male students in terms of taking leadership and decision-making). The other set that reflects practices which discourages democratic practices (insufficient school-parent cooperation, overcrowded classrooms, inadequacy of training on democratic practices, differential treatment between female and male students, demonstration of experience of right more than the exercise of duties and responsibilities among students, persistence of teacher-centered teaching approach, mishandling of misbehaving and mistreating the students, and lack of interest, in teachers, to own one's own behavior). Finally, some points have been suggested for future work in relation to gaps between intentions and practices.



Primary schools: