Factors Influencing Employee Performance In Water Action And Mothers And Children Multisectoral Development Organization

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Addis Ababa University


The objective of this study was to assess the factors influencing employee performance in Water Action and Mothers and Children Multisectoral Development Organizations. The main objective of this study was to investigate or establish the influence of different organizational factors (reward, job design, leadership style and working conditions) on performance of employees. To achieve the objective of the study, established questionnaires were adapted from previous research works and measure the variables through five-point Likert scale of measurement. Explanatory research design was used to quantitatively analyze the relationship between the study variables. A cross-sectional survey research methodology was employed in which 195 valid questionnaires were collected from 266 questionnaires distributed. Simple and stratified random sampling techniques were used to select representative samples from the four groups/strata of employees working in both of the NGOs in Addis Ababa city. Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used for data analysis. In inferential statistics, Pearson’s correlation and multiple linear regression analysis techniques were used to assess both relationships and effects as per the hypotheses of the study. Based on valid data collected from the employees, the Pearson’s correlation matrix result showed that all the independent and dependent variables correlated in a positive way both moderately and weakly at 0.05 and 0.01 significant levels. The overall analysis result of the study indicated that reward strategy has positive and significant effect on employees’ performance. Similarly, job design was also found to have positive and significant effect on employees’ performance. On the other hand, leadership style and working conditions showed insignificant effect on employees’ performance. Though insignificant result was observed on working conditions, the finding of the study suggests that the organizations need to improve some aspects of working facilities like furniture and also make the working environment undisturbed to allow employees work safely. In addition, the supervisors or managers in the organizations need to apply transformative leadership behaviors so that the employees are adequately encouraged to generate innovative ideas and participate in the decision making process & ultimately to enhance their performance better



Reward, job design, leadership style