Assessment of Adult Diabetic Clients Perception About The Effect of Diabetic Related Education and Counseling in Yekatit 12 and Black Lion Specialized Hospitals, A Cross- Sectional Study; Addis Ababa, 2009

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Addis Ababa University


Background: The incidence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is rapidly increasing on a global basis. Provision of proper educational session in health care facilities is believed as important in the management of T2DM. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the perception of adult diabetic patients on diabetic related education and counseling. Method: This cross-sectional study was done in Addis Ababa Black Lion Specialized Hospital (BLSH) and Yekatit 12 Hospital Diabetic clinics from April 25 – May 22, 2009. The techniques for data collection were interview method and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Six nurses were interviewers and the principal investigator supervised the over all process during an interview. FGD was conducted by the investigator with the aid of tape-recorder. A total of Four-hundred forty two participants with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and 25 patients were included in FGD. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 15.0 and results were presented by tables, figures and different statistical tests were done to indicate associations between variables. Result: Out of 442 study participants and 25 informants, nearly 56.6% of them were females and 60.7% of them aged above 40 years of age. Three- hundred ninety one (88.5%) of them were living with family and 225 (50.9%) of them had low monthly income (< 400 ETB). Mean BMI and FBS of study participants were 23.6 ± 3.81 kg/m2 and 164 ± 71.1 mg/dl respectively. Almost half of the study participants had FBS level between 120- 199 mg/ dl of blood. Around 63.6 – 97.7% of study participants had sufficient knowledge on what diabetes mellitus is, management options and related acute/ chronic complications. Perception about given diabetic education was strongly associated with age, education, income and duration of patient’s diagnosis with T2DM (P < o.oo1 and p < 0.005). Conclusions: Regular educational session for patients with adult onset diabetes mellitus is mandatory for empowering them with knowledge and skill. The result of this study will be used in those diabetic clinics as valuable information for improvement of patient education, which is essential for the betterment in quality of health. Keywords: Counseling, education, perception, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.



Counseling, education, Perception, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus