The Impacts of Satellite Television Education on ELT in Three Selected Preparatory Schools in East Shewa Zone: Grade 11 in Focus

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Addis Ababa University


This study has made an attempt to explore the impacts of instructional television on English language teaching. The aim of the study has been to identify the advantages that learners secured and the disadvantages which they encountered in attending English language lessons via satellite television. Besides, it has also attempted to find out students’ and teachers’ reactions towards televised instructions. Samples of 3 schools from East Shewa Zone were selected for the study. The three schools were Hawas Preparatory School, Modjo Preparatory School and Bishoftu Technical and Preparatory School found in Adama, Modjo and Bishoftu respectively. The required data for the study were collected using three instruments: questionnaire, classroom observation and interview. 10 Grade 11 English teachers and 175 randomly selected Grade 11 students from the three schools completed the questionnaires distributed. Among the 10 teachers, 6 teachers were selected randomly (two from each school) and were observed (each two times) to see how they utilized the English language instructional television programs. Moreover, interview was conducted with different people who were responsible for running the instructional television programs in one way or another. The interview involved 1 vice director, 1 English department head and 2 class monitors from each school, so 12 respondents participated in the interview from the three schools. In order to analyze the responses of the items in the questionnaires and classroom observation descriptive analysis using frequency and percentage were employed. Besides, the responses of the interviews which were obtained from vice directors, English department heads and class monitors were tape- recorded and analyzed. The results of the study revealed that students were more interested than teachers in televised lessons and there were also problem areas which inhibited the proper implementation of the instructional television programs. Based on the findings of the study conclusions were drawn and recommendations were put forward to the Ministry of Education (MOE), Educational Media Agency (EMA) and the schools.