The Representation of Female Academic Staff in Selected Colleges of Addis Ababa University

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Addis Ababa University


The study was intended to assess the representation of female academic staff in selected colleges of Addis Ababa University. This study is a qualitative research and was conducted by using a case study method. Three colleges and one institute were selected by purposive sampling method. From these 10 male leaders 10 female instructors, 1 female leader, 3 experts, and 60 female post graduate students totally 84 individuals were included in the study through purposive sampling technique. Questionnaire, interview and document review were used to gather data. Data analysis was made by frequency and percentile using SPSS version 16 and through in depth discussion. The qualitative study revealed that almost all of the respondents have said current female representation in Addis Ababa University is very low. The majority of students and instructors reported lack of competent female is the main factor for uneven representation of female in academic staff. As it is reported by majority of instructors and students; lack of opportunity, Lack of interested female, Low acceptance and expectation of society are also the other factors for low representation. Social factors in relation to cultural background,classroom management, family responsibility wifely hood, motherhood, and psychological disturbances in relation to self-esteem, self-confidence, poor educational background and low motivation were reported as cause of the less participation of women in the role of educational engagements. The findings of this study have indicated that, even though there was even female participation in primary and secondary schools, still there are a limited number of female students in higher education post graduate programs and as a result there is uneven representation of female instructors in the university. The impact of this uneven participation of women is said to affect the development of the society as well as the country at large in getting role model for the coming generation. It is recommended that concerned bodies give close attention to the situation and take action to alleviate female participation in academia and ensure gender equality. Policy makers must design policies and strategies which could help to change the current low representation of women in the university academia. Affirmative action and gender mainstreaming should also be incorporated in hiring procedures of the university as much as possible. Key words: interest, uneven representation, gender audits, academia, mainstreaming



interest ;uneven representation; gender audits; academia; mainstreamin