The Relationship between Parenting Styles and Adolescent Aggression

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa Universty


Several other investigators have studied parenting style by relating it to variables like achievement, adjustment and others. Little research has been made to relate parenting style to adolescent aggression particularly in Ethiopia. This research was approached with two objectives; first to investigate the relationship between parenting styles and adolescent aggression; second to examine the effect of gender on adolescent aggression. In this investigation data where gathered using systematic random sampling technique and analyzed using ANOVA and descriptive statistics methods for the 336 selected adolescent students ranging from 15 to 18 years of age. The rationale behind the selection of these grade levels was that most of the students in these grades and schools are found in the adolescence stage of development. In this investigation, the adolescent students rated the perceptions of their own parents or guardians about the two dimensions of parenting styles, namely responsiveness or acceptance and demandingness or control. In the same way, the adolescent students rated themselves on how they perceived their own level of aggression. Based on these dimensions, the targeted adolescents were assigned to one of parenting styles by which they were brought up and characterized as authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful. This research found out that the adolescents from authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful parenting styles manifested significantly more physical, verbal and indirect aggression (F= 87.84. P<O .001) than adolescents from authoritative parenting style. However, there is no significant difference in physical aggression among adolescents from authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful parenting styles. Male adolescents are significantly more aggressive in physical aggression than female adolescents (F=71.50. P<O.OOl). In contrast, female adolescents were found to be more significantly aggressive than male adolescents in indirect aggression (F=88.46. P<O.OOl). However there were no significant differences in verbal aggression among male and female adolescents (F= 1.45. P>O. OS). In conclusion, parenting style and gender play some role in determining adolescent aggression.