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Title: Urban Poverty: Comparative Analysis of Female and Male Headed Households in Addis Ababa (The case of Woreda 2 and 28)
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Solomon Mulugeta
Tizita, Mulugeta
Keywords: Urban poverty, gender dimension
Issue Date: Jun-2001
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: It is well known that urban poverty is one of the major problems of Ethiopia. However, research on the gender dimension of the problem is far from adequate. The principal objective of this study was. therefore, to shed some light on the issue of poverty in selected areas of Addis Ababa in general and on gender dimension of the problem in particular. In order to achieve the objective of the study, a questionnaire survey covered a total of 356 households was conducted on two purposely selected Woredas, namely Woreda 2 and 28, of Addis Ababa. Secondary data have also been used in different section of the study. The result of the study in general showed that both male and female heads of households in the selected areas have quite low income and most of them depend only on one source of income. Although a substantially large proportion of the male and female heads of households are experiencing poverty the later are hit the hardest by the problem. All in all about 44.3% and 39.3% of the total households in Woreda 2 and 28 are living below the poverty line respectively. ln both Woredas female-heads of households are over represented among the poor. The proportion of female—heads of households that live below the poverty line in Woreda 2 and 28 are 49.4 and 43.2% respectively. The corresponding figures for male-heads of households in the two Woredas were 40.1% and 31.6. In fact a low level of educational attainment appears to be the most important factor that underlies both the high incidence of poverty in the study areas in general and the observed gender dimension of the problem in particular. A substantial number of female-heads of households are belong to the sector of the population that has the lowest levels of educational qualification.
Appears in Collections:Center for Regional and Local Development Studies

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