|Title:||Assessing Integration Indigenous Practices with Modern Technologies for Sustainable Land Management; the Case of Soil Conservation and Fertility Improvement in Debremitimak Kebele, East Gojjam.|
|Abstract:||The population of Debremitmak kebelele performs traditional subsistence agriculture. But, agricultural practice has been affected by land degradation mainly through soil erosion and soil fertility decline. In this rural kebele the problem has become more severe since recent times. It is being aggravated by the nature of the slope and population pressure. Factors of the problems are manmade and natural which are interrelated. The magnitude of the problem is also severe. To solve the problem farmers of the study area have been practicing their own practices but fertility of the soil is declining. So the study had attempted to assess the widely implemented land management practices. So that the study had focused on the integration of indigenous and modern land management practices of the study area to solve the problem of land degradation. To address the objective qualitative research method had largely employed sublimated by quantitative figures to describe proportions in percentages. To achieve this into effect 99 samples households were selected by using random cluster sampling from a total of 1080 households in the study kebele. From these 56 were non model male farmers, 22 were female farmers and 21 model male farmers. Primary and secondary data collection methods have been used among the primary data collection methods focus group discussion, interview, observation, and questioner has been used. From secondary sources different documents have been also used. The indigenous land management practices of the study area include traditional ditches, terrace, check dams, traditional cut-off drains; On the other hand modern land management practices were introduced to farmers by experts and development agents. The modern land management measures include modern cut –off drains, micro basin and forestation of indigenous plant, artificial fertilizers and compost. Even though these are applied the problem of land degradation has severely continued. As a result, its productivity is declining and people of the study area are not securing their food demand. The level of integration among indigenous and modern soil conservation practices is low in most villages of the study area. Factors that affect the integration of indigenous and modern measures include land fragmentation, decrease of cattle, limitations of modern land management measures and economic factors.|
|Appears in Collections:||Center for Environmental Studies|
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